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Top 25 HIPAA Quiz Answers

Chandni Ahuja
30 May 2024
8 min read
Top 25 HIPAA Quiz Answers

The HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) Privacy Rule was enacted in August 1996, in an attempt to safeguard sensitive patient health information. HIPAA violations can compromise patient confidentiality, leading to a fine ranging between $100 to $1,500,000 or even imprisonment. 

As a locum tenens provider, understanding HIPAA ensures you deliver quality care while respecting patient privacy. So take the HIPAA quiz to understand the key principles of HIPAA and ensure that you provide the best care possible to your patients at the workplace. 

Why was HIPAA Created?

The primary purpose of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is to protect healthcare coverage for individuals who change or lose their jobs. It was initially introduced into Congress as the Health Insurance Reform Act, S.1028. This act acknowledged that millions of employees in America were at risk of becoming uninsured. 

While the Health Insurance Reform Act was initially just to tackle the threats to uninsured workforces, Congress eventually adopted the reformation measures, transferring it to a companion bill by assigning it a new name, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. This bill was provisioned to counter healthcare reform costs through measures like tackling insurance fraud and abuse and streamlining financial burdens to a greater extent. 

So now that you understand the importance of HIPAA, let’s jump into a quick quiz to test your knowledge of the HIPAA Act.

HIPAA Quiz Questions and Answers

1. What does HIPAA stand for?

A) Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

B) Health Insurance Portability and Assessment Act

C) Health Information Portability and Accountability Act

D) Health Information Portability and Assessment Act

Answer: A

2. Which of the following is TRUE about Protected Health Information (PHI) under HIPAA?

A) PHI only includes a patient's diagnosis and treatment information.

B) PHI can only be disclosed to a patient's family members.

C) PHI must be the minimum necessary to achieve a specific purpose.

D) PHI can be sold to third-party companies for marketing purposes.

Answer: C

3. HIPAA requires covered entities to implement safeguards to protect electronic PHI (ePHI).

A) True 

B) False

Answer: A

4. HIPAA was enacted in what year?

A) 1990

B) 1996  

C) 2000

D) 2005

Answer: B

5. Minimum Necessary Rule means healthcare providers can only use or disclose the minimum amount of PHI needed for a specific purpose.

A) True 

B) False

Answer: A

6. Which of the following is NOT considered Protected Health Information (PHI) under HIPAA?

A) Name

B) Social Security Number 

C) Diagnosis

D) Dates of service

Answer: B

7. A patient requests a copy of their medical records. By law, how long do you have to provide them?

A) 1 week

B) 30 days  

C) 60 days

D) They don't have the right to access their records

Answer: B

8. A covered entity can only disclose PHI to a third party with the patient's written authorization.

A) True

B) False

Answer: A

9. A minimum penalty for a HIPAA violation can be as low as:

A) $0

B) $100  

C) $500

D) $1,000

Answer: B

10. HIPAA applies only to healthcare providers.

A) True

B) False 

Answer: B

11. A “covered entity” is:

A) A patient who has consented to keeping his or her information completely public.

B) Any healthcare professional who has direct patient relationships.

C) Required by law to follow HIPAA rules.

D) B and C

Answer: D

12. A lost laptop containing unencrypted PHI constitutes a HIPAA violation.

A) True

B) False

Answer: A

13. A covered entity can disclose PHI to a third party without the patient's written authorization.

A) True

B) False 

Answer: B

14. A patient can revoke their authorization to use or disclose their PHI at any time.

A) True

B) False

Answer: A

15. HIPAA applies only to:

A) Doctors and hospitals

B) Healthcare providers  

C) Health insurance companies

D) All of the above

Answer: B

16. A covered entity can disclose a patient's PHI to a third party without their written authorization in which situation?

A) For marketing purposes

B) In an emergency, law enforcement with a warrant  

C) To a friend or family member, even if the patient objects

D) None of the above

Answer: B

17. HIPAA requires covered entities to implement safeguards to protect what kind of PHI?

A) Paper records only

B) Electronic PHI (ePHI) only  

C) Both paper and electronic PHI

D) PHI discussed verbally

Answer: B

18. HIPAA requires covered entities to provide patients with what document?

A) HIPAA compliance manual

B) Notice of Privacy Practices (NPP) explaining their rights  

C) List of all their medical conditions

D) Opt-in form for PHI disclosure

Answer: B

19. A patient verbally authorizes you to release their PHI to their family doctor. This is sufficient under HIPAA.

A) True

B) False 

Answer: B

20. Encryption is one of the safeguards recommended under HIPAA to protect ePHI.

A) True 

B) False

Answer: A

21. A patient arrives for an appointment with a friend who is acting as their healthcare decision-maker. The friend requests access to the patient's medical record. What should you do?

A) Deny access unless the patient provides written authorization.  

B) Grant the friend access based on their verbal request.

Answer: A

22. A covered entity can disclose PHI to a third party for treatment purposes without a patient's written authorization.

A) True  

B) False

Answer: A 

23. HIPAA applies only to doctors and hospitals.

A) True

B) False

Answer: B

24. While healthcare providers must follow HIPAA rules, health insurance companies are not responsible for protecting patient information.

A) True

B) False

Answer: B

25. What does “NPP” stand for?

A) No patient protection

B) Non-private practice

C) Notice of privacy practices

D) Notice of privacy practices

Answer: C

Scenario: 

A nurse at a busy clinic accidentally leaves a folder containing a patient's medical records on a public bus. The folder contains the patient's name, address, date of birth, diagnosis, and treatment information.

Question: 

What did the nurse do wrong, and how could this situation have been avoided?

Solution:

The nurse violated HIPAA by failing to secure the patient's Protected Health Information (PHI). The folder containing the medical records should not have been left unattended on a public bus.

This situation could be avoided by:

1. Implement Safeguards: The clinic should have policies and procedures in place for transporting PHI. This could include using locked containers or encrypting electronic records.

2. Employee Training: Nurses and other staff should be trained on HIPAA regulations, including the importance of safeguarding PHI.

3. Awareness and Risk Assessment: The clinic should regularly assess the potential risks of PHI exposure and take steps to mitigate them.

4. Incident Response Plan: The clinic should have a plan in place to address potential HIPAA breaches. This includes notifying patients and taking corrective action.

By following these steps, the clinic can help to ensure that patient privacy is protected and avoid HIPAA violations.

Chandni Ahuja

As an enthusiastic English literature graduate, Chandni enjoys writing as much as a toddler enjoys animation. She discovered her passion for writing and expressing thoughts through this form amidst the nail-biting months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Ever since then, she has volunteered in various anthology books that have been published on Amazon. Her experience working on a diverse range of verticals has enabled her to excel in this domain and face new challenges as they come. With a contagious thrill and excitement at the workplace, Chandni embraces wearing different hats and soaks up information like a sponge.